Types of downlights and tips for choosing


Downlights direct the light downwards to focus on illuminating the area below.  Downlighting can be used to light the entire area or specific areas, for example, an office desk, a building entrance or if the need was to create some special patterns this is also possible.


Types of Downlights


1. Recessed Downlights are the most popular type and is often used in residential buildings, hotels, and office buildings with concealed installation. Users will only see the front of the fitting which is parallel to the ceiling and will blend in with the ceiling design or can be used with a decorative bezel to make a statement. 

Find out more the recessed downlight at: https://www.ligman.com/products/indoor/recessed-downlights-do2/

Brisbane mounted
Arden pendant
Gavle mounted

2.Surface Downlights is a type commonly used in homes or commercial buildings where recessed ceiling installation is not possible, for example in concrete ceilings. The body of the fitting is clearly visible after installation. Surface downlights are also used as the main area lighting luminaires. As they are visible the design can vary from simple to decorative to suit the architecture and design.

Find out more the surface downlight at: https://www.ligman.com/products/indoor/surface-ceiling-luminaires-cei2/

Arden pendant
Brisbane pendant
BRIGHTON pendant
Malmo pendant

3.Pendant Luminaires are chosen for aesthetic reasons to suit the surrounding design. and vary greatly in style from modern and contemporary to traditional. The body is very prominent and is installed by hanging from the ceiling. In addition to the various designs of the body there are also varying light distributions that can be suitable for decorative effects while providing functional illumination at the same time.

Find out more the pendant downlight at: https://www.ligman.com/products/indoor/pendant-luminaires-pen2/


4.Semi Recessed Downlight The main body will be embedded into the ceiling and has a slightly protruding bezel.  Suitable for homes or projects that like to see a feature ceiling.  

Find out more the semi recessed downlight at: https://www.ligman.com/products/indoor/recessed-downlights-do2/

Installation of Downlights:

– Bedroom, should install at every 1.5 m
– Office, should install at every 0.8 m
– Living room, should install at every 1 m

However, when designing and positioning the luminaires in the room, consideration should be given to the location of the furniture and main usage areas,  providing the appropriate brightness in each area for the user’s physical and health needs.

Downlight ref.17

Tips for choosing downlight

When choosing a downlight you should consider to area installation if it has any limitation for choose the suitable type and best solution.

Limitations of buildings and locations should be considered, it is important to understand function of the area such as work, reading or multi-purpose rooms, etc. Since there are standard lighting lux level to follow so users or designers can choose downlight which isn’t over wattage and stay with the appropriate lighting.


However, the beautiful appearance and size of the downlight is also important that users should not forget to consider if you need to make your home or project more stand out, interesting and comfortable for visitors.

For more information, or with a project enquiry, please contact your local LIGMAN sales representative or download LIGMAN Indoor Catalogue :https://issuu.com/ligmangroup/docs/catalogue-indoor

LIGMAN Lighting Co.,Ltd.  (Lighting Experience Center)

The LANTERN Building, 2300 Rama 9 Rd, Suan Luang, Suan Luang, 10250 Bangkok, Thailand.

Tel: +66 2 321 8211
[email protected]



How many types of downlight are there?

: There are four types: recessed, semi-recessed, surface mounted and pendant

What type of downlight is most suitable for use in residential, hotel and office buildings?

: Recessed downlight

Correct installation of downlight in the bedroom and office, how many meters should be spaced?

: For bedrooms, the position of the downlight should be spaced every 1.5 meters, while the working room should be spaced at 0.8 meters apart.

What type of downlight is most often used for main area lighting?

: Surface mounted downlight. They can be installed in difficult areas, such as concrete ceilings and allow for easier maintenance. 

What should be the main consideration when positioning a downlight in a residential space?

: The locations of furniture that you wish to illuminate, in addition to the brightness levels that will be comfortable for the residents.